Laparoscopy is now the preferred approach for performing diagnostic procedures and therapeutic interventions in gynaecology. Minimally invasive surgery is less disabling, reduced hospital stay and more cost effective to health care systems, when compared with conventional open operations , , , ,  and . Although the risk of major complications does not significantly differ between benign gynaecological laparoscopic and conventional open procedures, laparotomy has been associated with a 40% higher risk of minor complications . Most often the risk of complications during laparoscopy occurs during initial entry into the abdominal cavity. The rates of life-threatening complications at the time of abdominal entry are low – 0.4 gastrointestinal iatrogenic injuries and 0.2 major blood vessel injuries per 1000 laparoscopies . However these represent approximately 50% of all serious laparoscopic complications  and laparoscopic medico-legal litigations (http://www.piaa.us/LaparoscopicInjuryStudy/pdf/PIAA_2000). Minor complications include extra-peritoneal insufflation, which also occurs prior to the initiation of the intended surgical procedure, and postoperative wound infection.
Article title: Principles of Safe Laparoscopic Entry
Article reference: EURO9373
Journal title: European Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
Corresponding author: Dr. Dusan Djokovic
First author: Dr. Dusan Djokovic
Final version published online: 30-MAY-2016
Full bibliographic details: European Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology (2016), pp. 179-188
DOI information: 10.1016/j.ejogrb.2016.03.040
Dear Dr. Djokovic,
We are pleased to inform you that the final version of your article with full bibliographic details is now available online.
To help you access and share your article, we are providing you with the following personal article link, which will provide free access to your article, and is valid for 50 days, until July 19, 2016
Please use this link to download a personal copy of your article for your own archive. You are also welcome to email the link to your co-authors and colleagues, or post the link on your own homepage, Facebook, Google+, Twitter or other social media profile, to tell your network about your new publication. Anyone who clicks on the link until July 19, 2016, will be taken to the final version of your article on ScienceDirect for free. No sign up or registration is needed – just click and read!
As an author, you may use your article for a wide range of scholarly, non-commercial purposes, and share and post your article online in a variety of ways. For more information, please see www.elsevier.com/copyright.
Elsevier Author Support