Objective: This project was established by the International Society for Gynecologic Endoscopy (ISGE) to provide evidence-based recommendations on the selection of women in whom vaginal hysterectomy can be safely performed.
Study design: The ISGE Task Force for vaginal hysterectomy for non-prolapsed uterus defined key clinical questions that led the literature search and formulation of recommendations. The search included Medline/PubMed and Cochrane Database. English language articles were reviewed from January 2003 to January 2018, in conjunction with reviews published by the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG) and the American Association of Gynecologic Laparoscopists (AAGL). The bibliographies of selected works were also checked to acquire additional data where relevant. The available information was graded by the level of evidence using the approach developed by the Grading of Recommendations, Assessment, Development and Evaluation (GRADE) Working Group. For each clinical question, the ISGE recommendations were defined in accordance with the evidence quality.
Results: Six recommendations on patient selection for vaginal hysterectomy, including two grade 1B and four grade 2B recommendations were established.
Conclusion: Vaginal hysterectomy for non-prolapsed uterus is the treatment of choice for many gynaecological patients in whom hysterectomy is indicated. It may be safely executed, and thus, should be offered to a large group of appropriately selected women, who today are operated in the main by the abdominal or laparoscopic approach. All efforts should be directed towards teaching the technique of vaginal hysterectomy during residency.